Peach Tree Container Growing

Peach tree container growing can be a lot more relaxing than growing a peach that is actually planted in your garden. Container growing has become very popular these days due to the fact that many homes do not have ample room to plant fruit trees in their gardens; backyards have become much smaller. Planting a dwarf peach tree in a container gives one the ability move the entire container indoors to protect it from late spring freezes or winter frosts in the Southwest. Peaches are conducive to having early flowers that produce fruit; early enough for a frost to really harm them.

Home and garden centers and your local garden nursery are excellent places to purchase dwarf trees. A dwarf or an ultra-dwarf peach tree is the best for container growing and you can leave it in the container for the entire life of the tree. If you plant a full-sized peach tree in a container will need to be replanted into the ground after a few years if it ever going to grow to maturity. It could become root-bound or could possibly die if left in the pot. The dwarf peach tree varieties will come in various heights ranging from 5 feet to 15 feet. The dwarf Red Haven peach trees will grow to 15 feet while the dwarf Golden Glory peach trees will only grow to about to 5 feet. Both varieties of peach trees will produce delectable tasting fruit.

After you have purchased your patio peach trees, be sure the containers will be large enough for the expected maturity height of the tree. A 5 foot tall mature tree, the Golden Glory, will need a five-gallon container and the 15 foot tall mature tree, the Red Haven, needs at least a fifteen gallon container. In order to keep the peach trees from becoming water logged in the spring and summer the container should have several drainage holes in the bottom.

Place your pot on a drainage tray and fill with pebbles, gravel or marbles to roughly 2 to 3 inches high. This allows better water drainage so the peach tree roots are not in constant water. Next you want to fill your pot half-way with a peach tree soil or loamy compost soil. Place the young peach tree in the container and fill with soil under and the plant. Now you can fill the remainder of the pot with soil within a couple of inches from the top but be sure the graft line is still exposed and not under the soil. The graft line is the area where the dwarf meets the parent plant; if you cover the graft line with soil roots will begin at that point and you may end up with a full size tree.

In order to remove any air pockets that were formed while planting you will need to completely soak the fruit tree with fresh water. For best results always add the recommended dose of tree fertilizer that was provided to you from the garden nursery or home improvement center. Some garden nurseries will offer a warranty for a year if you use their brand of fertilizer.

Your new dwarf fruit tree will need roughly 6 hours of sunlight every day. The best part about container growing a peach tree is the fact that if you yard does not one particular area that gets 6 steady hours of sunlight you can use a two-wheeled hand cart to move your tree to another part of the yard for the remainder of the sunlight. Once the tree has become established you can leave it in the best area with the most sun. Container grown dwarf fruit trees need us, the gardener, for all its nutrients and water because they cannot search them out in the ground soil. We can give them a liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks, and water completely when the soil begins to get dry. Give them only enough water so water will be standing in the drainage tray and only give water again when the water in the tray water has evaporated. In the colder climates of the U.S. you may want to bring the dwarf tree indoors and place it near a window from December to the end of April.

Some of the soil may become dislodged or seep through the drainage holes of the pot, so it is best to have extra potting soil handy. You can have larger peaches on your tree if you pinch off every other peach. The more peaches you have on the tree the smaller they will be but your peaches will produce sooner in a container than if planted in the ground.